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En la Marina de Chile, los aiguilletes son usados en el hombro derecho por el Subsecretario de Marina y por los Jefes de Estado Mayor, y en el hombro izquierdo por el resto de los Oficiales a quienes corresponda usarlos.

Banda azul de los Almirantes Los Almirantes usan en sus tenidas de parada, una banda azul terciada al hombro derecho, cuyo uso viene de los tiempos en que las espadas se colgaban de ellas, antes que se crearan los tiros. Cuello de los Marineros Los cuellos de los marineros revista de historia naval caen desde los hombros hacia la espalda, son de color azul y llevan tres franjas blancas a su alrededor y dos estrellas blancas.

En el siglo XIX en Chile, los marineros usaban una, dos o tres franjas, dependiendo si el que la usaba era grumete, marinero o cabo respectivamente. Charreteras Las charreteras nacieron de las palas sencillas, que fueron adornadas para ser usadas en la tenida de Gran Parada.

The Spanish expeditions in the Northwest encompassed two phases, the first one of them with five trips. He culminated his voyage on August 27 revista de historia naval the same year.

Revista de Marinha – Uma revista com 80 anos de história

Iota was a relatively fruitless expedition because it was carried out with only a small vessel and the crew was decimated by scurvy. The international pressure and the governmental commitment ensured that from then revista de historia naval future expeditions would be carried out by midshipmen explicitly assigned from the Spanish peninsula in order to counteract the international initiatives already taking place on the part of the Russians to expand the settlements with furs trade, or as well, on the part of the English toward revista de historia naval, as well as part of the search for the Mythical Northwest Passage.

Without doubt, this last factor was instituted like inescapable gear of the previous one. The international interest in the zone was decisively a priority.

On the part of the Spanish, this interest would not manifest until when the third expedition was carried out under revista de historia naval command of Ignacio Arteaga and of Bodega y Quadra.

The Hispanic-English dissention and the lack of trust for both contenders would give rise to a confrontation in the port of Nutka, which would be settled with the Treaty of the Escorial in It is fromwhen the second phase of explorations was initiated in the Northwest, that the events before described coincided with the main objective initiated revista de historia naval the English expeditions: The campaign in the Pacific demanded a greater degree of recognition, and therefore, that of those involved in it.

Because of the confrontation with the English and of the international scientific agenda, the Spanish government decided to send diligent new navigators with impeccable naval backgrounds; among who figured Bodega y Quadra, proxy of the crown, sent to settle the arisen argument and to negotiate the general terms, before mentioned, of the Treaty of the Escorial.

During that last year, these two expeditions coincided in Nootka with Bodega de la Quadra, whose objective, previously cited, was to appease the injured British aspirations. There are two main current distinctions of the undetermined sea travel genre: As a starting point from the expectations contemporary readers have about the travel narrative described by Tvzetan Todorov in his study The Journey and its Narrative, revista de historia naval can isolate the specific features of this literature: The first feature describes the tension between objectivity and subjectivity, revista de historia naval and autobiography; travel narrative comes into being from the fusion of the two.

Among the textual characteristics extracted from the corpus of study it is necessary to underline two main distinctions: The Royal Company of Midshipmen trained officials of great intellectual worth. The Spanish science is linked to the different assignments of the Armada in this epoch and concretely to the elaboration of the logbooks.

The constancy, tradition and importance of these binnacles are collected in the specific functions that are indicated in the Instruction of the Company of Royal Midshipmen.

Spanish Navy

The abundance of material written, as well as the spirit illustrated of the epoch and the academic formation of the pilots is shown in an explicit way in article 81, which refers to the notarial work of the captains of the ships and of its pilots: This practice was promoted to such an extent that the pilots should teach their subordinate revista de historia naval edit them.

It gave revista de historia naval to the existence of several routes and logbooks on the part of various crewmembers.


The need to coordinate was contemplated, thus giving rise to various efforts to verify the truth. The scientific project designed promoted a planning in order to compare the exhaustive one collected of the data offered and at the same time safeguards all the information collected: The corpus of study is varied and, in many cases, excessive, due to several manuscripts written by several members of the revista de historia naval and compiled about the revista de historia naval trip.

One of the main concerns during the 18th century was mapping the land discovered. In coastal charting, a mariner such as Bodega de la Quadra would keep a careful record of the course of their ship.