Hemifacial microsomia is a common birth defect involving the first and second branchial arch derivatives. It typically affects the external ear, middle ear. Hemifacial microsomia is a congenital malformation characterized by deficiency in the amount of hard and soft tissue on one side of the face. It is primarily a. Hemifacial microsomia (HFM) is a condition in which part of one side of the face is underdeveloped and does not grow normally. The eye, cheekbone, lower jaw.


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It is primarily a syndrome of the microsomia hemifacial branchial arch, involving underdevelopment of the temporomandibular joint, masticatory muscles, mandibular ramus, ear and, occasionally, defects in facial nerve and muscles.

Hemifacial microsomia - Wikipedia

Case Details The clinical and radiological manifestations of a year-old male patient having hemifacial microsomia is highlighted in this article to enhance our knowledge and diagnostic skill of this rare entity. Conclusion This case illustrates that early diagnosis and intervention in a patient with hemifacial microsomia is quintessential for proper functioning and esthetics of the orofacial structures, which will lead to microsomia hemifacial better prognosis.

It is also known as first and second branchial arch syndrome, oculo-auriculo-vertebral dysplasia, otomandibular-facial dysmorphogenesis and lateral facial dysplasia 2. HFM is comprised of unilateral microtia, macrostomia and malformation of mandibular ramus and condyle 1.

Goldenhar syndrome is a variant of HFM, microsomia hemifacial includes vertebral anomalies and epibulbar dermoids.

Some children have some weakness in movement on the affected side of the face. New advances in procedures to correct the symptoms of Hemifacial Microsomia are microsomia hemifacial being developed.

Hemifacial microsomia

Be an advocate for your child! Back to top How do I get help for my child? Your child should microsomia hemifacial treated by a qualified craniofacial medical team at a craniofacial center.

This is by no means a comprehensive list of microsomia hemifacial the craniofacial teams.

Craniofacial Microsomia

There are many families and organizations who will be glad to talk microsomia hemifacial you and help you with information and support. The cause of this condition is unknown, though CFM has been associated withprenatalexposures and genetic abnormalities.

Diagnosis, treatment, and outcome assessment in CFM is challenging due to microsomia hemifacial wide phenotypic spectrum observed in this condition.

Surgical treatment requires a coordinated team approach involving multiple specialties, which can include plastic surgery, craniofacial surgery, orthognathic surgery, and microsurgery.

  • Hemifacial Microsomia
  • Craniofacial Microsomia
  • Hemifacial Microsomia
  • Background

A wide variety of surgical options exist, and individual treatment plans should be based on the microsomia hemifacial needs.

This restricts the developmental ability of that area of the face.


Currently there are no microsomia hemifacial reasons for the development of the condition. Severity[ edit ] The clinical presentation of HFM is quite variable. The severity may depend on the extent of the area with an insufficient blood supply in microsomia hemifacial, and the gestational age of the fetus at which this occurs.

In some people, the only physical manifestation may be a small and underdeveloped external ear.