Di)az has given the history of the army of Bolivia for more than a hundred years. the very excellent work of Agustin Iturricha on the Historia de. Bolivia bajo de. military regimes of south america, operation condor, bolivia and banzer, brazils Bolivia For more on the historical background go to the casahistoria site. Eduardo Lopez Rivas, Esquema de la historia económica de Bolivia (Oruro, "David Toro and the Establishment of 'Military Socialism' in Bolivia," Hispanic.
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Through this control and manipulation of surplus resources, the elite's power continued to grow until about AD As the rainfall decreased, many of the cities farther away from Lake Titicaca began to tender fewer foodstuffs to the elites.
As the surplus of food decreased, and thus the amount available to underpin their power, the control historia military de bolivia the elites began to falter. The capital city became the last place viable for food production due to the resiliency of the raised field method of agriculture.
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Tiwanaku disappeared around AD because food production, the main source of the elites' power, dried up. The area remained uninhabited for centuries thereafter.
It gained control over much of what is now Andean Bolivia and extended its control into the fringes of the Amazon basin. Colonial period[ edit ] The Spanish historia military de bolivia of the Inca empire began inand was mostly completed by The territory now called Bolivia was known as Charcas, and was under the authority of the Viceroy of Lima.
Independence and subsequent wars[ edit ] Main article: History of Bolivia — The struggle for independence started in the city of Sucre on 25 May and the Chuquisaca Revolution Chuquisaca was then the historia military de bolivia of the city is known as the first cry of Freedom in Latin America.
That revolution was followed by the La Paz revolution on 16 July The La Paz revolution marked a complete split with the Spanish government, while the Chuquisaca Revolution established a local independent junta in the name of the Spanish King deposed by Napoleon Bonaparte.
History of Bolivia - Wikipedia
Both revolutions were short-lived and defeated by the Spanish authorities in the Viceroyalty of the Rio de La Plata, but the following year the Spanish American wars of independence raged across the continent.
Bolivia was captured and recaptured many times during the war by the royalists and patriots. Buenos Aires sent three military campaigns, all of which were defeated, and eventually limited itself to historia military de bolivia the national borders at Salta.
After 16 years of war the Republic was proclaimed on 6 August Following tension between the Confederation and Chile, Chile declared war on 28 December Argentina separately declared war on the Confederation on 9 May Historia military de bolivia Peruvian-Bolivian forces achieved several major victories during the War of the Confederation: The Bolivian Cavalry Corps had previously been considered one of the best units of the new army formed after the armistice.
Last battles[ edit ] Paraguayan offensive, January The battle began on 28 December and lasted until the early days of January Historia military de bolivia result was that Bolivian troops were killed and 1, surrendered, with the Paraguayans losing only a few dozen men.
History of Bolivia
Some fleeing Bolivian soldiers were reported to have jumped into the fast-flowing waters of the Pilcomayo River to avoid capture. After this defeat the Bolivian army prepared for a last stand at Villa Montes.
The loss of that base would allow the Paraguayans to reach the proper Andes.